Typically used only when fishing from a rocky shoreline or the beach, a surf fishing rod provides dual functionalities. It is used to cast a baited hook to as long a distance as possible out into the sea. Secondly, it serves to pull the fish back towards you across the breaking waves to shore. These make it essential for a surf fishing rod to carry a perfect balance of power and distance casting.
A surf rod is most distinct from other rods because of its length. Longer than any other type of fishing rod, a surf fishing rod carries a great length to provide more power to cast the lure and present it in a most natural way to the fish. The extra length also enables you to hold the line out of the breaking water when you cast. The farther away the rod tip is from the casting action fulcrum, the greater the speed of movement and travel of the lure. I get greater speeds the longer the rod I use, ensuring more distant casts.
A long rod is also necessary for beach fishing because it keeps as much line out of the waves as possible. This is especially important to enable a more natural presentation of the bait. You want the bait to land as far away as possible beyond the furthest wave breaker, out where the sea is undisturbed and peaceful. Casting into white water gets the bait knocked out and moving continuously, which is a lot less productive compared to landing beyond.
The surf fishing rod should support your preference to use live or dead lures. Fishing with bait is different from spinning with lures. A casting rod is geared for use with traditional or casting reels, which have the spool perpendicular to the rod. It is designed for casting heavier baits. On the other hand, a spinning rod is engineered to cast lures using fixed spool or spinning reels. With more lateral movement, there is greater amount of drag as well as reduced casting distance, which is an element that makes fishermen stay away from this type of setup. The fixed spool reel is more forgiving. Go for either a middleweight or a heavyweight rod whether you’re bait fishing or spinning, as this type can overpower the fish.
A good surf fishing rod is at least ten feet long, and ideally from eleven to fourteen feet long. This prevents excessive line drag and is valuable for casting. Whenever possible, go for rods that support both casting and spinning. This means the rod can be used together with a bottom-mounted spinning reel or fixed spool, or a top-mounted casting reel. The reel seat doesn’t have to be adjustable regardless of the reel structure. Go for long casting rods with large rings, which make fantastic all-around rods as they are robust enough to cast heavy weights while still being pliable enough on the tip to allow good spinning. You can choose from heavy, medium-heavy, medium and light-medium models.